Going back to the first philosophers of Ancient Greece – the body is seen as subject to disease, corruption, ageing and death… naturally the spirit was more highly prized; naturally the eternal real was seen as immaterial spirit, where there could be no decay because no ‘matter’…
Yet Christianity insists we will be resurrected into bodies – albeit perfected bodies that are immune to decay, destruction or death. But why? Why bother mucking-around ‘confined’ in bodies when we might we free-ranging spirits…?
Mormonism goes a considerable way towards explaining this, by the insight that God the Father (as well as Jesus Christ) is embodied – and that this is a necessary part of attaining the highest level of creative divinity. (For example, while creation does not require a body, and Jesus Christ created – or co-created – this world; divine procreation – the begetting of spirit children – requires the body; in some way.)
But there is not much indication of why this should be – why ‘bodies are better’ – whereas three thousand years or more of philosophical and religious history suggest that bodies are a limitation, not an advantage.
Why, then, are bodies better – as it seems they must be?
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